IVF, or in vitro fertilisation, is a technique to help a woman get pregnant. IVF is considered the most effective form of assisted reproductive technology (ART) for fertilization and also to prevent genetic problems in babies.
During IVF, eggs are removed from the ovaries of a woman and fertilized in a laboratory with sperm provided by her partner or a donor. One or two embryos — fertilized eggs — are implanted into the woman’s uterus (womb).
IVF is performed to treat infertility, after trying less invasive treatment options, including fertility drugs for the formation of egg or IUI (Intrauterine Insemination – when sperm are placed directly in the uterus near the time of ovulation.) Often, IVF is used as a primary treatment for infertility in women over 40.